What is the first thing that comes to your mind when you hear the word Dubai? Is it Burj Khalifa the tallest Building in the world, the Miracle Gardens the most colorful and greenery spot in the gulf region, the enchanting Water Fountain show in front of Dubai Mall, Burj Al Arab the famous and unique boat like building, picture of your friend doing skydiving over the pal island or the fabulous desert safari with camels, tents and midnight fire gathering?
Did I miss any? Well since we all admire Dubai in its current state but have no idea what was its initial state, I was a little bit curious to know how this city developed and became literary a Paradise Amid Desert!
As the internet resources stats, in the 7th century the Umayyads introduced Islam to this region and opened up a trade route to the eastern regions (Currently Pakistan India and Nepal) in addition to establishing fishing and diving on its coasts. But the first city record roots back to the 1800s.
Many Shikes ruled over this city but the person who succeeded to rule for substantial period of time and regarded as the father of Dubai is Sheikh Saeed Bin Maktoum Bin Hasher Al Maktoum who came to the rule on 1912. The prosperity during his rule was primarily the result of the pearl industry, however when the great depression in 1929 hit the world, Dubai witnessed sever knock down due to the emergence of the artificial pearl. Afterwards, the succeeding Shikes discovered alternative way to expand and shifted to become an intermediary exporter through Dubai re-export duty free port.
All the way until the discovery of its natural oil reserves in 1966, Dubai suffered economically and went into tremendous ups and downs during the great depression and World War II since it lost extensive trade networks and competition from the artificial pearl manufacturers. However, after the devaluation of the Persian gulf rupee (issued by India back then) and creation of a new currency jointly with Qatar (The Riyal) coupled with the discovery of oil on its land Dubai managed to secure its financial prosperity and political strong presence among the UAE for years and years to come.
In early 1971, Britain left the Persian Gulf and forced Dubai, Abu dhabi along with 5 other emirates to form the United Arab Emirates. In 1973, Dubai joined the Union and the UAE Dirham was introduced. The major conditions for joining were holding the majority of the control in the UAE along with Abu Dhabi and that’s what it is the case now.
In 1990 Shikh Maktoum Bin Rashid Al Maktoum was accessioned to the throne. The Global increase in the oil prices permitted Dubai to develop its infrastructure in an accelerated mode. It succeeded in building Dubai Internet City, Dubai Media City and Dubai Maritime City in addition to Burj Al Arab the tallest freestanding hotel in the World, The Palm islands, artificially built island in the shape of a plam tree and it is considered the World’s largest artificial island that can be seen from space and finally Burj khalifa which is the tallest man made structure (828-metre tall). And in case you didn’t know if another country wanted to build a taller building, it will be quite hard to top Burj Khalifa since the architects have designed it in such a way to allow more storeys to be added on the already existing top! I am speechless…
Dubai in the past decade has witness the succession of Sheikh Mohamad Bin Rashid Al Maktoum after the death of his brother in 2006 who is credited for forcing Dubai’s Rapid Expansion, and the global economic depression in 2008 that affected Dubai tremendously since its economy depends massively on tourism and real estate trade. Nonetheless, Dubai has announced various taxes cutting to motivate the business in the region which is considered as a great privilege for local and foreign residences since they don’t pay any personal tax on their income which makes Dubai one of the convenient cities worldwide to start a Business.
Currently the uncertainty over the oil prices will not directly influence Dubai’s position. Dubai stands on the safe side since it is the most vibrant city and commercial trade center in the Middle East and Gulf region hosting regional branches of the World’s most reputable companies and having the supreme touristic attraction in the Persian gulf region unlike other adjacent oil exporting countries where their economies depends solely on the Oil & Gas industry.
Did You Know? The National Animal of UAE is the Arabian Oryx, Not the Camel. The Camel is the National Animal of Saudi Arabia!